5 Things Every Small Business Owner Needs to Know About Taxes

Taxes can be complex and intimidating, especially for small business owners. To ensure financial efficiency and tax optimization, it’s essential to be aware of certain key aspects. This blog outlines five critical things that every small business owner needs to know about taxes.

1. Understanding Tax Accounts

For small business owners, it’s crucial to comprehend and manage various tax accounts effectively. These can include accounts for income tax, payroll deductions, and GST. Proper management of these accounts is key for accurate tax reporting and adherence to Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) standards.

2. Separating Business and Personal Expenses

A vital aspect of small business tax management is distinctly separating business and personal expenses. Tracking these expenses separately is crucial for CRA compliance. Adequate documentation is necessary for expenses with both personal and business elements, such as mileage, home office expenses, meals, and entertainment, to ensure accurate tax filing and optimal deductions.

3. Navigating MBA and MA for Effective Tax Management

Understanding the nuances of the CRA’s My Business Account (MBA) and My Account (MA) is crucial for efficient tax management. MBA is tailored for businesses in Canada, offering a comprehensive platform to manage various tax affairs, including filings, payments, and account balances. On the other hand, MA is designed for individual taxpayers, providing a similar range of functionalities for personal tax management. Both platforms allow taxpayers to authorize representatives, a critical step for accountants managing client accounts. We emphasize the importance of familiarizing oneself with these platforms to access tax information effectively and navigate their features for optimal tax management.

4. How to Make Tax Payments

Understanding the correct and timely method of making tax payments is essential. This includes knowing payment deadlines, various payment methods (online PAD payments through MBA and MA, bank transfers, or cheques), and avoiding penalties for late payments. Setting up reminders or using digital tools can aid in managing these schedules.

5. Fundamental Tax Planning Strategies

Effective tax planning is crucial for minimizing your tax liability. Important strategies include:

  • Deductions: Identify and claim valid business expenses to reduce taxable income.
  • Deferral: Delay income to the next fiscal year to manage tax brackets and improve cash flow.
  • Income Splitting: Allocate income among family members to take advantage of lower tax rates.

These strategies can have significant implications for both your business and personal finances.


Being informed about these five key aspects is essential for any small business owner navigating the complexities of taxes. While seeking personalized advice from a tax professional is advisable, a basic understanding of managing tax accounts, segregating expenses, using digital tax platforms, making timely tax payments, and implementing effective tax planning strategies is invaluable for business success.

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